Accepting graduate students for ’18-19
My research investigates the mechanisms by which reward learning changes how we direct our attention in the future. To this end, I have pioneered an approach in which simple, arbitrary stimuli are paired with reward in a training procedure and then appear as task-irrelevant distractors during performance of a subsequent task. I examine how these previously reward-associated stimuli are processed in both healthy participants and in individuals who struggle with addiction and other psychopathologies, using both human behavior and functional neuroimaging. I am also interested in how punishment learning influences subsequent attention, and how we can employ goal-directed attentional control in order to minimize distraction.
The findings from my research not only inform our understanding of basic mechanisms of attentional control, but also have clearly identifiable clinical implications. For patients who struggle with addiction, ignoring stimuli associated with their drug of abuse is very difficult to do and this difficulty contributes to relapse. Attention can be persistently drawn to drug-related stimuli, even when the patient has the goal of maintaining abstinence. My research demonstrates that normal, healthy individuals can develop strikingly similar attentional biases as the result of simple associative learning between stimuli and non-drug reward, suggesting that addiction-related attentional biases may be reflective of a broader and more basic cognitive process.
2018-2020 NARSAD Young Investigator Award: Decomposing Value-Driven Attention. Role: PI. Total direct costs: $70,000.
2017-2018 PESCA (Texas A&M): Neural Mechanisms of Attention to Pain Cues. Role: co-PI (with Vani Mathur). Total direct costs: $17,977.
2017-2018 College of Liberal Arts Seed Grant Program (Texas A&M): Neural Mechanisms of Reward-Related Failures of Inhibitory Control. Role: PI. Total direct costs: $8,000.
2016-2021 NIH R01-DA041264: HIV-Related Neuroplasticity and Attention-to-Reward as Predictors of Real World Function. Role: co-I, 2.0 months (PI: Cherie Marvel). Total direct costs: $1,423,760.
2015-2017 Landenberger Foundation Grant: Identifying the Neurocognitive Determinants of HIV-Risk Behaviors. Role: co-I, 1.32 months (PI: Cherie Marvel). Total direct costs: $200,000.
Sali, A. W., Anderson, B. A., Yantis, S., Mostofsky, S. H., & Rosch, K. S. (in press). Reduced value-driven attentional capture among children with ADHD compared to typically developing controls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
Anderson, B. A., Chiu, M., DiBartolo, M. M., & Leal, S. L. (in press). On the distinction between value-driven attention and selection history: Evidence from individuals with depressive symptoms. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.
Sali, A. W., Anderson, B. A., & Courtney, S. M. (in press). Information processing biases in the brain: Implications for decision-making and self-governance. Neuroethics.
Anderson, B. A., Kuwabara, H., Wong, D. F., Roberts, J., Rahmim, A., Brasic, J. R., & Courtney, S. M. (2017). Linking dopaminergic reward signals to the development of attentional bias: A positron emission tomographic study. NeuroImage, 157, 27-33.
Anderson, B. A. (2017). Reward processing in the value-driven attention network: Reward signals tracking cue identity and location. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 12, 461-467.
Anderson, B. A., Kuwabara, H., Wong, D. F., & Courtney, S. M. (2017). Density of available striatal dopamine receptors predicts trait impulsiveness during an attention-demanding task. Journal of Neurophysiology, 118, 64-68.
Anderson, B. A., & Halpern, M. (2017). On the value-dependence of value-driven attentional capture. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 79, 1001-1011.
Anderson, B. A. (2017). On the feature specificity of value-driven attention. PLOS ONE, 12(5), e0177491.
Anderson, B. A. (2017). Counterintuitive effects of negative social feedback on attention. Cognition and Emotion, 31, 590-597.
Anderson, B. A. (2017). Going for it: The economics of automaticity in perception and action. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 26, 140-145.
Anderson, B. A., Kuwabara, H., Wong, D. F., Gean, E. G., Rahmim, A., Brasic, J. R., George, N., Frolov, B., Courtney, S. M., & Yantis, S. (2016). The role of dopamine in value-based attentional orienting. Current Biology, 26, 550-555.
Anderson, B. A., Folk, C. L., Garrison, R., & Rogers, L. (2016). Mechanisms of habitual approach: Failure to suppress irrelevant responses evoked by previously reward-associated stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 796-805.
Anderson, B. A., Folk, C. L., & Courtney, S. M. (2016). Neural mechanisms of goal-contingent task disengagement: Response-irrelevant stimuli activate the default mode network. Cortex, 81, 221-230.
Anderson, B. A., Kronemer, S. I., Rilee, J. J., Sacktor, N., & Marvel, C. L. (2016). Reward, attention, and HIV-related risk in HIV+ individuals. Neurobiology of Disease, 92, 157-165.
Anderson, B. A. (2016). Social reward shapes attentional biases. Cognitive Neuroscience, 7, 30-36.
Anderson, B. A. (2016). Value-driven attentional capture in the auditory domain. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 78, 242-250.
Anderson, B. A. (2016). What is abnormal about addiction-related attentional biases? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 167, 8-14.
Anderson, B. A. (2016). The attention habit: How reward learning shapes attentional selection. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1369, 24-39.
Moher, J., Anderson, B. A., & Song, J. -H. (2015). Dissociable effects of salience on attention and goal-directed action. Current Biology, 25, 2040-2046.
Sali, A. W., Anderson, B. A., & Yantis, S. (2015). Learned states of preparatory attentional control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41, 1790-1805.
Anderson, B. A. (2015). Value-driven attentional priority is context specific. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 22, 750-756.
Anderson, B. A. (2015). Value-driven attentional capture is modulated by spatial context. Visual Cognition, 23, 67-81.
Laurent, P. A., Hall, M. G., Anderson, B. A., & Yantis, S. (2015). Valuable orientations capture attention. Visual Cognition, 23, 133-146.
Harris, A. D., Puts, N. A. J., Anderson, B. A., Yantis, S., Pekar, J., Barker, P. B., & Edden, R. A. E. (2015). Multi-regional investigation of the relationship between functional MRI BOLD activation and GABA concentration. PLoS ONE, 10(2), e0117531.