Accepting Students 2017-2018
PSYC 107: Introduction to Psychology
LBAR 181: Social Psychology in Your (College) Life
PSYC 315: Introduction to Social Psychology
PSYC 696: Principles and Methods for Teaching in Psychology
PSYC 697: Seminar in the Teaching of Introductory Psychology
My research focuses on the conscious and non-conscious processes involved in everyday decision-making. One line of research focuses on counterfactual thinking, or thoughts of “what might have been”. Imagining how events might have turned out differently is a typical feature of the mental landscape; research shows that these counterfactual thoughts can be both dysfunctional and functional, depending on the situation. Although it can bias blame and responsibility judgments, it can also help us learn from past mistakes. My research examines both sides of this counterfactual coin. This research has broader interdisciplinary connections to both mental health and health behavior domains. A second line of research focuses on various factors (e.g., affect and mindset) that impact decision-making and categorization processes. Of particular interest is how affective information can influence our decision-making strategies. An applied line of this research focuses on decision-making in engineering. In general, my research integrates traditional social and cognitive methodology with decision-making research.
National Science Foundation (NSF 1600635); “Principal-Agent Models of Decision Delegation during Systems Design: Integrating Modeling and Behavioral Approaches.” Co-Principal Investigator. $398,967 (total costs). 2016-2019.
National Science Foundation (NSF 1346553); “Foundations for Combining Normative and Behavioral Research to Study Systems Engineering.” Co-Principal Investigator. $100,000 (total costs). 2013-2017.
MITRE Corp. “Investigation into Multiparty Engineering Using Game-Based Methods.” Co-Principal Investigator. $32,421 (total costs). 2015.
American Psychological Association (APA 1602846); Undergraduate Research Opportunity Grant. Co-Principal Investigator. $16,360 (total costs). 2016.
Smallman, R., Summerville, A., Walker, R. J.*, & Becker, B.* (in press). Counterfactual thought. In K. Sweeny & M. L. Robbins (Eds.), The Wiley Encyclopedia of Health Psychology: Volume II, The Social Bases of Health Behavior.
Vermillion, S. D.*, Malak, R. J., Smallman, R., Becker, B.*, Sferra, M.*, & Fields, S. (in press). An investigation on using serious gaming to study human decision-making in engineering contexts. Design Science.
Roese, N. J., Smallman, R., & Epstude, K. (2017). Do episodic counterfactual thoughts focus on personally controllable action?: The role of self-initiation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 73, 14-23.
Smallman, R., & Becker, B.*(2017). Motivational differences in seeking out evaluative categorization information. Personality and Social Psychological Bulletin, 43, 1020-1032.
Fields, S., Smallman, R., Hicks, J., Lange, K.*, & Thamotharan, S.* (2017). Narrowing of attention following food cue exposure in obese emerging adults: Does impulsivity matter? Personality and Individual Differences, 108, 144-148.
Lench, H. C., Smallman, R., & Berg, L. A.* (2016). Moving toward a brighter future: The effects of desire on judgments about the likelihood of future events. Motivation Science, 2, 33-48.
Walker, R. J.*, Smallman, R., Summerville, A., & Deska, J. C.* (2016). Motivated by us but not from them: Group membership influences the impact of counterfactual thinking on behavioral intentions. Social Cognition, 34, 286-305.
Smith, P., Smallman, R., & Rucker, D. (2016). Power and categorization: Power increases the number and abstractness of categories. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 7, 281-289.
Ramos, A.*, Becker, B.*, Biemer, J.**, Clark, L.**, Fields, S., & Smallman, R. (2016). The theory of planned behavior and ADHD medication use: The effect of counterfactual thinking. Substance Use and Misuse, 51, 508-516.
Vermillion, S.D.*, Malak, R.J., Smallman, R., & Linsey, J. (2015). A study in outcome framing and risk attitude in engineering decisions under uncertainty. Journal of Mechanical Design,137, 084501-084501-4.
Lench, H. C., Domsky, D., Smallman, R., & Darbor, K. E.* (2015). Beliefs in moral luck: When and why blame hinges on luck. British Journal of Psychology, 106, 272-287.
Seto, E.*, Hicks, J. A., Davis, W. E.*, & Smallman, R. (2015). Free will, counterfactual reflection, and the meaningfulness of life. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6, 243-250.
Lench, H. C., Smallman, R., Darbor, K. E.*, & Bench, S. W.* (2014). Motivated perception of probabilistic information. Cognition, 133, 429-442.
McCulloch, K.C., & Smallman, R. (2014). The implications of counterfactual mindsets for the functioning of implementation intentions. Motivation and Emotion, 38, 635-644.
Smallman, R., Becker, B.*, & Roese, N. (2014). Preferences for expressing preferences: People prefer finer evaluative distinctions for liked than disliked objects. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 52, 25-31.
Smallman, R. (2013). It’s what’s inside that counts: The role of counterfactual content in intention formation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 842-851.
Smallman, R., & McCulloch, K. C. (2012). Learning for yesterday’s mistakes to fix tomorrow’s problems: When functional counterfactual thinking and psychological distance collide. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42, 383-390.
Roese, N. J., Epstude, K., Fessel, F., Morrison, M., Smallman, R., Summerville, A., Galinsky, A., & Segerstrom, S. (2009). Repetitive regret, depression, and anxiety: Findings from a nationally representative survey. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28, 671-688.
Smallman, R., & Roese, N. J. (2009). Counterfactual thinking facilitates behavioral intentions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 845-852.
Roese, N. J., Park, S., Smallman, R., & Gibson, C. (2008). Schizophrenia involves impairment in the activation of intentions by counterfactual thinking. Schizophrenia Research, 103, 143-144.
Smallman, R., & Roese, N. J. (2008). Preference invites categorization. Psychological Science, 19, 1228-1232.
CURRENT GRADUATE STUDENTS
Accepting Students 2017-2018