PSYC/NRSC 336: Drugs and Behavior
PSYC/NRSC 332: Neuroscience of Learning and Memory
PSYC/NRSC 335: Physiological Psychology
- Neural systems for emotion, learning, and memory
- Contextual regulation of memory encoding and retrieval
- Fear, anxiety, PTSD
Memories for emotional, particularly fearful, events are vivid, visceral, and enduring. Emotional memories enable us to predict and avoid potential threats, as well as respond to immediate danger. But dysfunction in this system can result in anxiety, panic and post-traumatic stress disorder, for example. Anxiety disorders are the among the most prevalent psychiatric illnesses in the world, affecting nearly one-third of the population. Research in my laboratory seeks to understand the brain circuits and cellular mechanisms underlying the encoding, storage, retrieval, and extinction of aversive memories, and how dysfunction in these circuits and processes contributes to anxiety disorders. We focus on the neurobiology of fear conditioning and extinction in rats and mice. The hippocampus, amygdala, and prefrontal cortex, a triad of interconnected brain areas with essential roles in memory and emotion, are critical for these processes. We use both behavioral and systems neuroscience methods to understand the brain mechanisms of fear and anxiety. These approaches include reversible brain lesions, intracranial pharmacology, electrophysiology, and immunohistochemistry.
Dr. Maren is a recipient of the American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Award for an Early Career Contribution to Psychology (2001) and the D. O. Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award (2017). He is also a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and Association for Psychological Science, Past-President of the Pavlovian Society, and is currently the Editor-in-Chief of Behavioural Brain Research. He has been continuously funded by the National Institutes of Health since 1995 and is a recipient of the 2015 McKnight Memory and Cognitive Disorders award.
- Neural Substrates of Contextual Memory in Fear Extinction (R01MH065961-12A1), National Institute of Mental Health, $1,868,995. Role: PI.(2015-2020)
- McKnight Memory and Cognitive Disorders Award, McKnight Foundation, $300,000 (2015-2018)
- Neural Circuits for Stress-Induced Fear Relapse. (F31MH107113-01A1), National Institute of Mental Health, $64,185. Role: Sponsor (PI: Travis D. Goode, TAMIN) (2016-2018)
- Noradrenergic Modulation of Stress-Induced Deficits in Fear Extinction. (F31MH112208-01A1), National Institute of Mental Health, $73,307. Role: Sponsor (PI: Thomas F. Giustino, TAMIN) (2017-2019)
- Moscarello, J. M. and Maren, S. (2017). Flexibility in the face of fear: Hippocampal-prefrontal regulation of fear and avoidance. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, in press.
- Maren, S. (2017). Synapse-specific encoding of fear memory in the amygdala. Neuron, in press.
- Giustino, T. F., Seemann, J. R., Acca, G. M., Goode, T. D., Fitzgerald, P. J., and Maren, S. (2017). ß-adrenoceptor blockade in the basolateral amygdala but not the medial prefrontal cortex rescues the immediate extinction deficit in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology, in press. doi: 10.1038/npp.2017.89
- Goode, T. D. and Maren, S. (2017). The role of the bed nucleus of the stria terminals in aversive learning and memory. Learning & Memory, 24:480-91.
- Goode, T. D., Holloway-Erickson, C. M., and Maren, S. (2017). Extinction after fear memory reactivation fails to eliminate renewal in rats. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 142:41-47.
- Prater, K. E., Aurbach, E. L., Larcinese, H. K., Turner, C. A., Blandino, P., Jr., Watson, S. J., Maren, S., Akil, H. (2017). Selectively bred rats provide a unique model of vulnerability to PTSD-like behavior and respond differentially to FGF2 augmentation early in life. Neuropsychopharmacology, 42:1706-14.
- Acca, G. M., Mathew, A. S., Jin, J., Maren, S., Nagaya, N. (2017). Allopregnanolone induces state-dependent fear via the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Hormones and Behavior, 89:137-44.
CURRENT GRADUATE STUDENTS